Intentional Campus Design in Nurturing Spiritual Development: An Environmental Analysis

  • Lauren Heeren South Dakota State University
  • Katelyn Romsa South Dakota State University
Keywords: campus environment, spiritual development, intentional campus design, diverse college students, campus ecology, campus physical design


Creating campus environments for student learning has become a primary focus for higher education institutions. Many college students question their religious/spiritual beliefs during their college years. The need to nurture students’ spiritual development in relationship to the campus environment is of high importance when supporting the whole student. This study analyzed the impact of college environment on the spiritual development of college students through the lens of Strange and Banning’s (2015) campus ecology model at a private, Baptist college located in the Midwest. The findings illuminated several ways that higher education institutions can be intentional when designing their campus environments in response to today’s diverse college students. 


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